Question: How Can You Tell The Difference Between Iron Deficiency And Thalassemia?

How can you tell the difference between IDA and thalassemia?

The two best measures or calculations from the CBC are the Red Blood Cell count alone (RBC) and the Mentzer Index (MCV/RBC).

An RBC above 5 x 1012/l is often seen in thalassemia, while a count <5 is more typical of iron deficiency..

Can thalassemia be misdiagnosed?

It is commonly misdiagnosed and treated for iron deficiency. If unusually high plasma iron or serum ferritin is encountered in beta thalassemia trait one should rule out coexisting hemochromatosis or iron supplementation. Women carriers can develop moderately severe anemia during pregnancy.

What should be avoided in thalassemia minor?

Nutrition & Thalassemia Nutritional deficiencies are common in thalassemia. It is recommended that patients going through blood transfusion should opt for a low iron diet. Avoiding iron-fortified foods like cereal, red meat, green leafy vegetables & Vitamin C-rich foods is the best option for thalassemic patients.

How do you know if you have thalassemia minor?

People with thalassemia minor don’t usually have any symptoms. If they do, it’s likely to be minor anemia. The condition is classified as either alpha or beta thalassemia minor. Even if thalassemia minor doesn’t cause any noticeable symptoms, you can still be a carrier for the disease.

How long do thalassemia patients live?

“Most thalassaemia patients would live up to the age of 25 to 30 years.

Is thalassemia minor a disability?

The RPWD Act 2016 has recognised persons with blood disorders (Thalassemia, Hemophilia and Sickle Cell Disease) as ‘persons with disabilities’ under the Act. Those with 40% and above disability will be given a Disability Certificate.

Can you have thalassemia and iron deficiency?

It has long been considered that iron deficiency does not exist in thalassemia syndromes, including thalassemia major as well as trait. However, studies have shown the occurrence of iron deficiency in patients with beta thalassemia trait (BTT).

How do I know if I have alpha thalassemia?

Children with alpha thalassemia major may have a swollen abdomen or symptoms of anemia or failure to thrive. If the doctor suspects alpha thalassemia, he or she will take a blood sample for testing. Blood tests can reveal red blood cells that are pale, varied in shape and size, or smaller than normal.

Can you have a baby if you have thalassemia?

Thalassemia in pregnancy Women with thalassemia who require blood transfusions often have a higher rate of infertility. However, some women with the disease are able to become pregnant.

What is the best treatment for thalassemia?

A blood and marrow stem cell transplant replaces faulty stem cells with healthy ones from another person (a donor). Stem cells are the cells inside bone marrow that make red blood cells and other types of blood cells. A stem cell transplant is the only treatment that can cure thalassemia.

Does taking iron help thalassemia?

Folate (also called folic acid) helps your body make healthy blood cells. Alpha thalassemia can sometimes be mistaken for low-iron anemia, and iron supplements may be recommended as a treatment. But iron supplements have no effect on thalassemia.

How do you treat thalassemia minor naturally?

You can help manage your thalassemia by following your treatment plan and adopting healthy-living habits.Avoid excess iron. Unless your doctor recommends it, don’t take vitamins or other supplements that contain iron.Eat a healthy diet. Healthy eating can help you feel better and boost your energy. … Avoid infections.

How do you rule out thalassemia?

Several laboratory tests may be used to help detect and diagnose thalassemia:Complete blood count (CBC). The CBC is an evaluation of the cells in the blood. … Blood smear (also called peripheral smear and manual differential). … Iron studies. … Hemoglobinopathy (Hb) evaluation (hemoglobin electrophoresis).

How do I know if I have thalassemia carrier?

You can find out if you’re a carrier of thalassaemia by having a simple blood test. The NHS Sickle Cell and Thalassaemia Screening Programme also has detailed leaflets about being a beta thalassaemia carrier (PDF, 804kb) or a delta beta thalassaemia carrier (PDF, 779kb).

At what age is thalassemia detected?

Most children with moderate to severe thalassemia receive a diagnosis by the time they are 2 years old. People with no symptoms may not realize that they are carriers until they have a child with thalassemia.

Can thalassemia show up later in life?

When the disorder develops later during life, a diagnosis of beta thalassemia intermedia is given; individuals may only require blood transfusions on rare, specific instances. Beta thalassemia major, also known as Cooley’s anemia, is the most severe form of beta thalassemia.

What is the treatment for thalassemia minor?

People with thalassemia minor or trait usually do not need blood transfusions because they either do not have anemia or have only a mild anemia. Many times people with thalassemia are prescribed a supplemental B vitamin, known as folic acid, to help treat anemia. Folic acid can help red blood cells develop.

Can minor thalassemia drink alcohol?

Patients with thalassaemia should be discouraged from consuming alcohol, as it can facilitate the oxidative damage of iron and aggravates the effect of HBV and HCV on liver tissue.